Personality disorders are disorders of the brain, where abnormal patterns of behaviors, thoughts and experiences are seen. There are many different types of personality disorders and they can range from mild to severe. People with a personality disorder tend to experience significant levels of distress. There are a number of criteria set to diagnose a personality disorder by the American Psychiatric Association in the DSM-V. Let’s take a look at a number of personality disorders in particular.
Schizophrenic Personality Disorder
Someone with a schizophrenic or schizoid personality disorder is detached from social relationships. They often find it difficult to express emotions, particularly when they communicate with others. They also appear to others to lack a need for intimacy, mainly because they will always avoid getting close to others. Indeed, they much prefer spending time alone. This is why a schizoid type person is generally described as a “loner”. Those with this disorder tend to find it particularly difficult to express anger. They have passive responses to life events, which makes it seem as if they don’t care. They have difficulties in building relationships, also because they do not seek them. However, it also impacts significantly on their ability to hold down a job, as they will generally require at least some interpersonal involvement. However, someone with a schizophrenic personality disorder can work very well in isolation.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Someone who has a Narcissistic Personality Disorder often appear very arrogant. They have no empathy and want to be admired in all their relationship. They are manipulative, self-centered and demanding. All someone with a narcissistic personality disorder concentrates on is their own fame and they tend to be incredibly vain. The condition can be dangerous, as some achieve fame by harming others, which was seen in people like Ted Bundy.
Histrionic Personality Disorder
People with a Histrionic Personality Disorder is often seen as overly emotional. They seek a lot of attention as they feel uncomfortable if they are not the center of any situation. They can be seductive, dramatic and focus on anything that will draw all eyes on them. They tend to be creative, but struggle with logical thinking. Histrionic Personality Disorder is most frequently found in women, although this may be because they are more comfortable with seeking help.
Avoidant Personality Disorder
For someone with an Avoidant Personality Disorder life is spent worrying about what others think of them. They feel highly inadequate and hence avoid social situations or any other part of life that involves other people. The avoidant personality is often very lonely, but feels inadequate and hence incapable of bringing about change.
Co-Dependent Personality Disorder
Co-dependent Personality Disorder is very broad and hard to understand. It effectively means that a person can only live through somebody else. However, there is now a suggestion that most of us are co-dependent to some degree. Co-dependency is often exhibited through:
- Low self-esteem
- A need to please others
- Poor boundaries
- The need to care for others
- Needing to be in control
- Dysfunctional communication
- Problems with intimacy
- Painful emotions
Personality disorders are very distressing conditions that may seem impossible to manage. However, with the right help, they can be managed and actually go into full remission. At Creative Care, we specialize in offering care for people who have personality disorders and those who have a dual diagnosis, meaning they have a substance abuse problem on top of their psychological condition. Please contact us today if you or a loved one are experiencing difficulties and you suspect a personality disorder may be the cause of this.